The Inflation Reduction Act $430 billion climate, health care and tax overhaul provides for tax credits which are extended for energy production and investment in technologies including wind, solar and geothermal energies.
The investment tax credit also now applies to battery storage and biogas. For the batteries to qualify, they must be produced in the USA.
Without these incentives, green energy including wind and solar are already competitive in cost with carbon-based sources – coal, oil and natural gas.
Opportunities are opening up worldwide for providing power to existing grids and the establishment of new grids on a large and a small scale (mini-grids).
However, although relatively cheap, these new sources are intermittent - depending on climate, time of day and weather. When feeding into an existing grid, an impediment to increasing the proportion of renewable energy is
Without energy storage, these changes in supply and demand can only be met by ramping up or reducing conventional power station output. This can be difficult, costly and perhaps result in use restrictions or worse, power outages.
On the other hand, surplus renewable wind and solar energy where the supply exceeds demand would go to waste.
Large scale battery banks are finding increasing utilization as grid scale energy storage facilities for:
BATTERY IN A CONTAINER
The Apollo Advanced Lead-Acid Battery can be installed as a BATTERY BANK in racks in a 20-ft container along with the necessary regulation and conversion electronics and connected to the system as shown for example above.
Each 20-ft container would produce some 840 kWh of energy with a peak power rating of 5,000 MW. These containers can be connected as multiple units both on the ground and stacked vertically, thereby multiplying the energy storage and input/output power capabilities.
Battery Operated Warehouse: What is needed is a large existing surface area that is underutilized where power consumption is disproportionately less per floor-space area than let’s say a bustling factory filled with production machinery and equipment.
Very large logistics distribution warehouses (300k to 500k sq ft or more) match these criteria and are used primarily for temporary mass storage of stacked-high goods that mostly sit on the floor and shelves awaiting transport out.
CHOICE OF BATTERY
There are several types of batteries in use for these applications. However, Apollo’s Advanced Lead-Acid Battery has the best combination of storage capacity, power, safety and low cost to fulfil these requirements. They do not require sophisticated control and fire suppression systems and the maintenance and operation of this type of battery is familiar to people the world over.
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